Castle of the Almedina of Baena

Plaza del Palacio, s/n. Baena. Córdoba.

This place is not registered in any route yet.

Cultural Visit

The origin of the current location of the town of Baena must be located in an Arab hisn (castle) named Bayyana that already appears in the sources in connection with the Muladi rebellion of Umar ibn Hafsun in the second half of the 9th century. After the loss of the military function of the fortress, it became the palace of the Dukes of Sessa, lords of the town, undergoing important reforms throughout the 15th and 16th centuries.

The building has undergone various reforms throughout history, among which the adequacy of the parade ground as a drinking water reservoir for the municipality in the 20th century should be highlighted. Recently, and thanks to the determined commitment of the Baena City Council and the financial support of the Government of Spain, through the Cultural 1%, an important recovery and value project has been carried out to make it accessible: they have recovered several towers among which stands out the Torre del Homenaje called de las Arqueras or de las Cinco Esquinas , several canvases on the wall and the so‐called Puerta del Campo, located on the eastern flank.

The archaeological tasks that were carried out in support of the restoration and which consisted of paramental analyzes and the opening of boreholes allowed documenting a series of structures (walls and towers) made of Almohad‐era rammed earth that were later embedded and lined by walls. Of masonry throughout the fourteenth and fifteenth  centuries,  masking  the  original fortress, although it should not have changed much in what refers to its original plan. It is worth nothing the presence of an imposing underground enclosure, like an alijbe, from the late medieval period and with a square floor plan, built on two discharge arches.

The current access is through the door located in the Plaza de Palacio from which you reach a hall at the southern end of which is the Torre del Homenaje staircase, which has several floors and a terrace that constitutes a unique viewpoint of the city and its surroundings. At the opposite end of this door is the Puerta del Campo, which would be the original entrance to the castle that has been recovered along with the attached tower called Los Cascabeles.

 Among  the existing towers it is worth highlighting the Tower of Secrets located in the southeast corner of the castle. In the central area of the fortress, in what would be the parade ground, the town's water tanks are located, built between the years 1927 and 1959, notably altering the appearance of the building, but which have been recovered for tourist use‐ cultural.

Schedule

Winter Schedule (from October to April):

  • Monday to Sunday from 10:00 to 14.00h.
  • Thursday to Saturday from 17:00 to 19:00h.

Summer Schedule (from May to September):

  • Tuesday to Sunday from 10:00 to 14:000h.
  • Thursday to Saturday from 17:00 to 19:00 h.

Closed days

  • Tuesday
  • Sunday afternoon
  • January 01 and 06
  • Friday of Easter Week
  • December 25

Location

Address:

Palace Square s/n. Baena. Cordoba.

How to get there:

Baena is located southeast of the province of Córdoba. The main access road is the national 432 that connects Granada with Badajoz and through which we access the municipality of Baena . Once you reach the Plaza de España we take Cardenal Herranz Casado street to Plaza de la Constitución , where we go up Juan Ocaña street until we turn left onto Mirador del  Hospital street , Llano de Santa Marina that we It leads to the Palace square where the Castle is located.

You can access the resort on foot or by car since it has parking.

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