Castle of Buñol

Calle Luis Vives s/n

Cultural Visit

The Castle of Buñol built on two masses of rock, dominates the town of Buñol and the surrounding area know as La Hoya de Buñol. Its strategic importance was based on its proximity to the frontier between Valencia and Castilla.

The castle, whose origins date back to the 11th century would be later extended and modified in Christian times. The structure of the current architectural complex is of Christian chronology, made in phases between the 14th, 16th, 18th and 19th centuries. The restoration works of the fortress began during the second half of the 20th century and continue today.

In 1238, Jaime I donated it to the knight Rodrigo de Linaza, who occupied it in 1245, transferring it to the Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, together with the castles of Macastre and Montroy. The sites soon returned to Jaime I, who handed them over to Berenguela Fernández and their son, Pedro Fernández. In 1304, Jaime II bought it for his son Alfonso.

After several years of conflict for its possession, in 1424, Alfonso V acquires it and sells it to Berenguer Mercader on the 20 of May, 1425. Years later Felipe III turns the area into a county on the 3rd of May, 1603, granting the first title of count to Gaspar Mercader i Carrós.

After the expulsion of the Moors in 1609, the county suffered a great depopulation, forcing the count to repopulate the area by granting a new Carta Puebla to people coming mostly from the Kingdom of Valencia, but also from Castilla, Mallorca and Navarra with the obligation to reside in the villa.

In 1787, the inhabitants of the county requested their incorporation to the Crown. This was obtained in 1836 after a lawsuit of nearly forty years between the counts of Buñol and the inhabitants of the Hoya de Buñol

It was from then on that the population began to build houses within the site taking advantage of all the existing constructions and building their houses in the empty spaces of the fortress, thus transforming the area into another neighborhood of the population.

Previously, during the War of Succession, the War of Independence and the Carlist Wars the castle was used as a barracks and jail. During the War of Independence, the French army plundered the castle and its church.

The Association Pro-Castillo de Buñol was created in 1957, with the aim of recovering and restoring the castle. After its dissolution, the City Council of Buñol has taken over all the restoration works.

The castle of Buñol is located in the center of the city (the city grew around it), taking advantage of a rocky spur, surrounded by a ravine and the river Buñol. A location that allows the domain over the town and over the whole region of La Hoya de Buñol. Its location is strategic; close to the old Royal Road from Valencia to Madrid.

Of Muslim origin, its functions have varied in its more than one thousand years of history: castle, manor house, barracks, jail, administrative center, popular neighborhood and now tourist attraction.

The first enclosure is a polygon, formed by a straight wall, its angles flanked by two towers and a central tower built to defend the entrance gateway.  Here we find La Plaza de Armas (military courtyard), where visitors will find a path of surveillance that runs around the upper wall completed with loopholes for shooting arrows. This area today, still contains a number of built houses against the original wall.

In the center of the castle we find a tower know as Torre del Homenaje (Main Tower) which serves as a passageway to the castle’s second enclosure (southern enclosure). 

The southern enclosure houses the residential structures of the fortress. Part of the Gothic palace is conserved - the hall known as El Oscurico where exhibitions and cultural events are held - still contains inside the original ashlar arches.

The old palace of the counts – La Casa Señorial - is the structure of the south façade. Inside we can currently find the Tourist Office and the Archaeological Collection along with the Muslim remains of a waterwheel well and a cereal silo.


The church of El Salvador today houses an ethnological exhibition. It was most probably built between the second half of the 13th century and the first half of the 14th century. It is a nave with a semicircular vault, lunettes and two transverse arches that divide it into three sections.

This area also contains some inhabited houses. The street of the Castle ends on a steep slope that gives access to the old quarters of the town - Mallorquines Street- after crossing the fortified gate called La Torreta. This access is composed of a staircase on a layered axis and a tower located at the lowest level of the castle site.

In 1957 the Asociación Pro-Castillo de Buñol was created and the need to recover and restore the monument as a vestige of historical and strategic importance was raised.

In 1964 it was declared a National Historic-Artistic Monument. Today it is the center of the urban nucleus that has been growing around it.

We Recommed

Enjoy a very special activity, in intimacy or in family: a private picnic with local produ [...]

Schedule

Wednesday to Sunday form 10:00 to 14:00h.

Location

Address:

Calle Luis Vives, nn

How to get there:

From Valencia (by car) Take motorway A-3 (towards Madrid) until exit 322 (Buñol).  

  • Reach the soccer field (Avenida del Prado) There is plenty of parking space around.
  • From here, walk head east on Avenida del Prado and turn right at Calle Jacinto Benavente, then left on Calle Che Guevara. Down Calle Che Guevara and down Calle Menéndez y Pelayo, turn slightly right towards Plaza Castillo and continue right then left. You’ve reached the north access of the castle the Portal Tower.

From Madrid (by car) Take motorway A-3 towards Valencia. Until exit 319 (Buñol).

  • Once in Buñol reach the soccer field (Avenida del Prado). There is plenty of parking space around.  
  • From here, walk head east on Avenida del Prado and turn right at Calle Jacinto Benavente, then left on Calle Che Guevara. Down Calle Che Guevara and down Calle Menéndez y Pelayo, turn slightly right towards Plaza Castillo and continue right then left. You’ve reached the north access of the castle the Portal Tower.

From Valencia (by plane) From Manises Airport, take motorway A-3,towards Madrid. Take exit 322 (Buñol). 

  • Once in Buñol reach the soccer field (Avenida del Prado) There is plenty of parking space around.  
  • From here, walk head east on Avenida del Prado and turn right at Calle Jacinto Benavente, then left on Calle Che Guevara. Down Calle Che Guevara and down Calle Menéndez y Pelayo, turn slightly right towards Plaza Castillo and continue right then left. You’ve reached the north access of the castle the Portal Tower.

From Valencia (by train). From North Station (Estación del Norte) in Valencia take the suburban line C3 to Buñol.

  • Once out of the station at Buñol take right on Avenida Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, pass the roundabout and continue straight ahead to Plaza las Ventas.
  • Turn on the first street to your left Calle Facundo Tomás and continue until Calle Gómez Ferrer (also to your left). At the end of this street to your left again, go down the stairs to reach Plaza del Castillo. Facing the fountain at Plaza del Castillo take the short street on your right and then turn left.  You’ve reached the north access of the castle the Portal Tower
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